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A type of bed with a canopy suspended from the ceiling
rather than supported by posts (also known as an angel
Many convincing artificial silks are made from acetate.
It has almost the same finish and draping qualities
as silk but is less prone to fade or rot.
Soft, lightweight, man-made fiber, which is warm, strong
Fabric vendor specializing in lace and sheers. (851
Simuel Rd., Spartanburg, SC 29301)
Without adding much extra bulk, this type of lining
will help to exclude light, cold, or heat. It can be
used with curtains or, when bulk is particularly unwelcome,
to line shades. The aluminum- coated surface faces inside
the curtain or shade, while the visible side shows cream-colored
A form of decoration produced by superimposing one material
on another. It may consist of figured patterns cut out
and applied, or embroidered bands of patterns.
Decoration characterized by symmetrical intertwining
branches, leaves and other plant forms together with
abstract curvilinear shapes.
A wooden surround to a door or window frame; also the
molding around an arch.
commercial aluminum blind made by Hunter Douglas.
A soft fabric shade that pulls up on vertical cords
into swags and appears gently ruched at the base when
A pointed tool that makes holes in wood surfaces.
Dyed green or red, baize is a flannel-like cloth used
for card tables and the linings of silverware drawers.
Its color and texture make it handy for improvised curtains
or shades. Baize will fade in strong sunlight.
Knapp & Tubb Furniture
High quality traditional furniture manufacturer. (1661
Monroe Ave. NE, Grand Rapids, MI 49505)
Blind fabricator. Products include CustoMiser miniblinds,
Heritage miniblinds, Classics miniblinds, Neat Pleat
Ultra, and others. A division of Springs Industries.
A shade that has fullness in the width, sometimes formed
into inverted pleats, and is raised and lowered by cords
threaded through rings at the back.
- A roman
styled shade made of reeds. Made by many manufacturers
including Levolor and DelMar.
The vast majority of furnishing fabrics are made of
cotton or cotton mixtures. Its principal charm is its
versatility. Cotton can be dyed, printed, or finished
in a multitude of ways. It can be made colorfast, will
withstand heat and light, and yet is inexpensive. Drawbacks,
shared with all natural fabrics, are that it tends to
crush and can react to humidity by mildewing.
A popular type of wood with a smooth finish, used to
make wooden blinds.
In this dyeing process developed in Java, wax and other
substances that resist dye are applied, then washed
out to leave dramatic patterns.
A thin piece of timber that slots into the base hem
of a roller shade or Roman shade so that the fabric
hangs straight and rigid. Also timber struts nailed
vertically to the wall for fabric walling.
A fluffy man-made fiber sometimes used to pad edges.
A window consisting of three adjacent windows projecting
from the building and forming an alcove inside.
Fabric vendor with a European flair. (1 Design Centre
Place, Suite 200, Boston, MA 02210)
wood blinds made of synthetic material, made by Hunter
A strip of cloth cut on the bias, at 45? to the selvage,
which gives stretch to the fabric. Used as an edging
or to cover piping cord.
A layer of opaque material is sandwiched between two
layers of cotton fabric. In this way all light is excluded.
Some are heavy and difficult to penetrate with a needle,
while others are softer. Both will add to the weight
but will also improve the draping qualities. Usually
in cream or white.
A fringe trimming colored with equal blocks of contrasting
bottom of a shade or blind.
A rounded bay window.
A flat symmetrical pleat formed by folding the fabric
to the back at each side of the pleat.
Supports for either a rod, pole, shade, or valance shelf.
A woven ribbon used as edging or trimming.
Originally of silk but can be made in cotton, linen,
wool or man- made fiber. It is usually woven in one
or two colors, with the additional colors applied to
the woven surface, which is what distinguishes it from
damask. Heavier than damask, it is often woven in silver
or gold thread. It is used for curtains and special
upholstery. Traditionally patterned with both floral
and naturalistic motifs, the raised design is woven
on a Jacquard loom and has long horizontal threads along
A type of silk strengthened with linen. It seldom uses
more than two colors. It has a satin or twill figure
on a plain or satin ground and is distinguished from
damask by raised areas of pattern that are formed by
a double warp. It does not drape well and in the 17th
century was used mainly for wall hangings.
High-end fabric vendor. Very traditional and exclusive.
(75 Virginia Road, North White Plains, NY 10603)
An interfacing used as a stiffener inside handmade curtains,
drapery, and valance headings, as well as tiebacks and
cornices. Made from cotton or jute, it is available
in different weights, in fusible and sew-in versions;
it is normally 4in (10cm) wide.
This is a strip of white cotton impregnated with glue.
It is used inside hand-pleated headings, giving the
requisite stiffness without the visible machine stitching
of a sewn-on decorator tape. This buckram is fused to
the fabric with a hot iron.
An open-weave fabric, made from jute, then impregnated
with glue, this type of buckram is used as the base
of a cornice. It is very stiff and is best cut with
a heavy-duty craft knife. A hot iron will release the
glue to fuse it in place. It is turned on its side along
Made from jute, this material is not impregnated with
glue but is double starched and two-ply. It is sewn
into the cornice. Use a heavy-duty craft knife because
non-fusible buckram is not easy to cut. It has the same
uses as the fusible version but is more easily cleaned.
A fringe trimming formed of twisted loops of rope, made
in wool or silk and available in a variety of lengths
A cotton-waste interlining used to add body and insulation.
This heavy, blanketlike cotton interlining imported
from England is available bleached or unbleached. Table
felt or reinforced felt is similar but is somewhat stiffer.
Cotton flannel can also be used instead of bump. All
interlinings are sewn into a curtain between the fabric
and lining; lockstitch links the interlining to the
curtains. These heavy interlinings can also be used
for cornices but are too heavy for swags. They are often
too heavy to use with silk or other light fabrics.
A strong, coarse fabric made from jute or hemp fibers.
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in motors and control systems for the automatic movement
of blinds, shutters and awnings.